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Technology Stack Explained for Non-Technical Business Owners

There is a popular belief that a technology stack can either make it or break it when it comes to building your software product. That before even a single line of code gets written, you need to carefully select a technology stack that is bound to determine your product’s success.

With a wide selection of tech stacks in the development world today, choosing one that works the best for your project might seem like a daunting task. But it doesn’t have to. There are only a few aspects worth factoring in when you are caught in a technology stack dilemma.

What’s a Technology Stack?

The technology stack is a combination of programming languages, frameworks, and tools that developers use to build a web or mobile app. The two main components of any app are client-side (front-end) and server-side (back-end). Each layer of the application is built atop the one below, thus creating a stack.

Client-side is everything users see on their screens and where the interaction is happening. The three main technologies in front-end are:

  • HTML (the markup language)
  • CSS (the stylesheet)
  • JavaScript (the scripting language)

Server-side is not visible to a user. But its programming languages power the user side and create the logic of websites and applications. Frameworks for programming languages are time savers. They provide vetted implementations of common features (data access, user authentication etc.).

The only challenge is in choosing server side technologies. But is it that tough of a decision? Let’s dive deeper.

How to Choose a Technology Stack for Web Development

Choosing a technology stack that will work the best for your project might seem like a real challenge, especially if you are a non-technical founder. The easiest way out would be to rely on your personal preferences or previous experience. But personal preferences are subjective and can lead to wrong decisions. You can only count on it if you have a strong background in web development. Trusting your competitor’s experience or going online to find a myriad of opinions and arguments isn’t a smart choice either. In reality, there are a couple of aspects to be taken into account.

Type of the Project

Sometimes the type of a product you are building determines the stack. Depending on the scope of your project, it makes sense to settle for a certain technology.

If you are launching a startup or want to build quick MVP, PHP is your match. It can get you in development by 30% quicker than anyone else. Rapid development is achieved thanks to expressive and concise nature of the language and its flexible syntax, as well as dozens of open-source libraries.

With libraries like Pandas, SciPy and NumPy, Python works perfectly for projects connected with Big Data, Machine Learning. It is a universal language when you need to calculate huge volumes of data. Python is capable of doing it quickly and sufficiently. You can use Python for any kinds of projects, but academic and scientific programming are preferred ones.

C# is a general-use programming language that is a universal solution for on-going, big projects. It can do virtually anything with a decent amount of efficiency. Java offers a myriad of tools, libraries, making it easy for developers to design and implement any feature they want. It is also a choice of 90% Fortune 500 companies.

But when it comes to choosing a tech stack based on the project type, it is mostly a matter of how big it is. If the project is big, you need more competent human resources and a community to have your back.

Talent Pool

Deciding upon a niche or new technology can make a recruiting process a nightmare. Before making a final decision, you need to consider if you can find another developer familiar with this technology stack.

Some of the reports suggest that the demand for enterprise mobile apps is about to outstrip the available development capacity by 500%. In this respect, PHP and .NET seems like a sensible choice for it is widely popular and given a multi-million community of engineers, it shouldn’t be a problem to find a professional. However, these are also most in demand programming language in 2019.

Another widespread choice – Python, being popular in academic and scientific circles, it created a large, well-educated talent pool.

What shouldn’t be taken into account when looking for resources is cost. It is a popular misconception that when choosing between technology stacks, the cost of a developer is detrimental. In reality, you have as many chances finding an expensive Ruby developer as you can find a cheap one.

Technology Stack Ecosystem

The ecosystem is a community and tools around a technology. When choosing a technology stack that suits your project, it’s important to check out if there is big enough community around the technology, sufficient information. Whether if you stumble upon a problem or an issue, you will be able to find enough information and a solution. For instance, pretty much every big city around the world has a PHP or C# community that runs regular meetups.

Another important factor is the maturity of the technology. The earlier in its lifecycle, the less reliable the technology is. After several years of iterations, both PHP and C# are considered a reliable and low-risk technology. But it’s not only about the lifespan. Mature technologies also have more tools to make developer’s life easier (like continuous integrations, bug tracking). But they only exist for tech stack where there is a market of developers. A large amount of these tools suggests how safe a technology is. The logic behind the importance of maturity is pretty simple. The more mature a language is, the bigger is the community and the more resources it has.

Conclusion

In the end, whichever technology stack you choose, it all comes down to one – finding a right and trustworthy software vendor that has the experience and expertise you need. That is where Dire Solutions comes in. With vast experience and knowledge, we are capable of building the most complex of application swiftly and with great quality!

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